Land & Mineral Rights

Land & Mineral Rights

Cosmetic rights pertain to access and use of minerals including oil, gas, coal and other valuable sources. Lands that include mineral assets are owned by various types of entities including government agencies, private owners and corporations. Federal and state laws dictate how mineral resources are extracted and that has rights to the use and gain from them.


According to the California division of the U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management, there are over 150 active mineral sales contracts in California, which generate over a million dollars in revenue each year. California’s Department of Conservation notes that the state comprises over 30 nonfuel mineral sources that are valued at roughly $3.7 billion.


1 way that private landowners and corporations collaborate on the problem of mineral rights is by simply agreeing to surface rights for the landowner. In such an agreement, according to the site Geology, a business pays a landowner for the rights of minerals underneath the surface of the land. The landowner retains the rights to all buildings and structures in addition to the surface of the land . Some agreements specify which sort of mineral that the company can extract, while others make it possible for corporations to extract anything beneath the surface.


Property owners that agree to permit corporations to extract minerals in their possessions are sometimes awarded exemptions. Uni Royalties, a company that buys mineral rights, explains that monthly royalty checks to land owners can fluctuate month to month since the price given is dependent upon monthly merchandise averages. Additionally, the amount of minerals extracted per month can fluctuate, which also affects the royalty check quantities.


The Bureau of Labor Statistics notes that oil drilling is 1 way to extract oil from an oil well. Following a steel tower known as a derrick is set up on the surface of the ground, a deep pit is dug, and technologies enables for the oil drill to extract petroleum by a vertical position on local property without disturbing the surface of the nearby property. Other more intrusive methods of extracting petroleum and other sorts of minerals are shaped by local and national laws.

Expert Insight

In certain countries, like California, only professionals with real estate grants are permitted to help with filing paperwork for the purchase or lease of mineral-rich lands owned by the state or federal authorities. Negotiating the leases and contracts for private mineral-rich land doesn’t require a individual with a real estate license.

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